Zika Virus threatens the world: 5 aspects including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention
The whole world seems to be talking about Zika virus. While it is not life threatening, the whole world seems to be feeling threatened by the virus.
The World Health Organization has called its growth explosive and there are reasons to believe that it is fast spreading in South America. There are some reports suggesting that at least four pregnant women in the US have been found to be suffering from it.
The World Health Organization has also claimed that there may be as many as four million cases of Zaka virus infection within a year.
On the other hand the Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials have warned people particularly pregnant women asking them not to travel to about two dozen countries, mostly in the Caribbean and Latin America, where the outbreak is growing.
What is Zika Virus?
A report by the CDC says that Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
How Zika Virus was discovered?
The virus seems to be spreading pretty fast across continents. In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes. In response, CDC has issued a travel alert (Level 2-Practice Enhanced Precautions) for people traveling to regions and certain countries where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.
A CDC report says as many as 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week. The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people.
From outset dengue and Zika lok similar. The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika. See your healthcare provider if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where Zika is found. If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled. Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to look for Zika or other similar viruses like dengue or chikungunya.
CDC says that till now no vaccine or medications are available to prevent or treat Zika infections. Treat the symptom, get plenty of rest, drink fluids to prevent dehydration, take medicine such as acetaminophen to relieve fever and pain
It must be kept in mind that patients should not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen and naproxen. Aspirin and NSAIDs should be avoided until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of hemorrhage (bleeding). If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication. If you have Zika, avoid mosquito bites for the first week of your illness. During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites. An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people.