Weight loss tips: bariatric surgery only option for severely obese

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    New year has begun and many people are searching for weight loss tips. Meanwhile bariatric surgery has emerged as the only option for severely obese people

    Weight loss is turning out to be a very important problem for a large number of people across the world. Though the problem exists from Europe to Africa and Asia, the issue has become one of the most pressing issues facing the US.

    It is among the most common disease afflicting a large number of people in the United States. If reports are to be believed, more than 70 percent population in the US are overweight or obese, though the number of seriously obese people is around 30 percent of total population. The issue has become so much important that even several state governments are creating special funds to take care of this increasing menace.

    Statistics talking about the proportion of problem in the US are very overwhelming. Approximately 300,000 adult deaths in the United States each year are attributable to unhealthy dietary habits and physical inactivity or sedentary behavior. Nearly two-thirds of U.S. adults are overweight (BMI > 25, which includes those who are obese). Nearly one-third of U.S. adults are obese (BMI > 30). The prevalence of overweight and obesity has steadily increased over the years among genders, all ages, all racial/ethnic groups, and all educational levels. Approximately 19% of children (ages 6–11) and 17% of adolescents (ages 12–19) were overweight in 2000. An additional 15% of children and adolescents were at risk for overweight (based on BMI / body mass index measures).

    To cure the menace of extreme obesity, bariatric surgery has emerged as a very effective cure. Studies have brought to light that bariatric surgery has considerably higher positive weight loss results than standard care. A recent review, conducted by Raj Padwal, M.D., from the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, and colleagues, was published in the August issue of Obesity Reviews.

    The latest report about the effectiveness of bariatric surgery studied the available literature till February 2009 to reach the conclusion that clinical efficacy did not win over the success and safety of bariatricsurgery. The study was conducted on 2,619 patients with a mean age of 30 to 48 years, and mean body mass index (BMI) of 42 to 58 kg/m². There were 31 long-term randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing bariatric surgeries and/or standard care. The outcome being measured was the change in BMI besides evidence based items with potential to indicate risk of bias.

    Reports suggest that it is very difficult to tackle extreme obesity by merely exercise and dieting. Bariatric surgery is the only solution for the problem.