Resources made available to States for Development of Agriculture
The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation is implementing 5 Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) namely: i) Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), ii) National Food Security Mission (NFSM), iii) National Mission of Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), iv) National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET), v) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA); 5 Central Sector Schemes (CS) namely: i) Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Marketing (ISAM), ii) Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Cooperation (ISAC), iii) Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics & Statistics (ISACE&S), iv) Secretariat Economic Services, v) National Crop Insurance Programme (NCIP); and 1 State Plan Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).
All the above schemes/ missions have now been regrouped under 4 main schemes namely: a) National Crop Insurance Programme (NCIP); b) Krishi Unnati Yojana; c) Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY); and d) Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) to ensure growth in agriculture sector and for the betterment of farmers.
The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC) is providing financial support to the States for agricultural development through the above schemes/ missions as per the approved Annual Action Plans of the States. Further, through these schemes/ missions, resources in different forms, like quality seeds; farm machineries, such as, self propelled paddy transplanter, chiseller, rotavator, laser land leveler, plant protection equipment (manual/power sprayer), chaff cutter, sprinkler/pump set, seed treating drum, seed drill/zero till, multi crop planter/ridge furrow planter/raised bed planter, groundnut digger, power weeder, water carrying pipes, mobile rain gun, multi crop thresher; plant protection chemicals; micro nutrients & soil ameliorants; chemical fertilizers; bio-fertilizers etc. are made available to the farmers at subsidized rates. Other resources like storage godowns, cold storage facilities, marketing infrastructure etc. are also created for benefit of the farmers.
The State-wise allocation under the various schemes/missions of DAC has progressively increased during the years 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15. The details are at Annexure.
With the acceptance and adoption of the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission, the financial devolution to the States has risen from 32 percent to 42 percent of the central tax revenue. With this the sharing pattern of the funds for CSS has been changed. The States would now share the funding by a larger margin relative to pre-devolution period. The budgetary allocation of the DAC for the Centrally Sponsored Schemes has been accordingly provided for.