Measures Undertaken by Government for Judicious and Proper Use of Pesticides
Government of India has taken several measures for proper use of pesticides by the farmers in the country. The pesticide residue data generated under the â€œMonitoring of Pesticide Residues at National Levelâ€ are shared with State Governments and concerned Ministries/Organizations to initiate the corrective action for judicious and proper use of pesticides on crops with an Integrated Pest Management approach and to generate awareness amongst farmers.
Department of Agriculture, Co-Operation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) emphasizes Integrated Pest Management (IPM) which promotes biological, cultural and mechanical methods of pest and advocates need based, judicious use of pesticides. DAC&FW implement a scheme â€œStrengthening and Modernization of Pest Management Approach in Indiaâ€ to promote Integrated Pest Management (IPM) which is an environment friendly broad ecological approach for managing pest problems. It encompasses pest control techniques such as cultural, mechanical and biological with minimum dependence on chemical pesticides. Human Resource Development in IPM is done by imparting training to Agriculture / Horticulture Extension Officers and farmers at Grass Root Level by organizing Farmers Fields Schools (FFSs) and Seasonal Long Training Programmes (SLTPs). The DAC & FW has established 35 Central IPM centers in different states to promote IPM Strategies. Grant-in-aid is also provided to the States for establishment /strengthening of State Biocontrol Laboratories. A total of 313 SBCLs have been established across India.
â€œGrow Safe foodâ€ Campaign has been initiated to create awareness about the safe and judicious use of pesticides among the various stakeholders. In addition to the above, DAC&FW has revised 68 Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Packages of Practices for major crops giving impetus to ecological and cultural techniques of pest management. Under the Insecticide Act 1968, insecticides are registered after evaluating the safety of the product with respect to human health. The terms of registration also include instructions for farmers and users of pesticides on label and leaflets of containers on safe use of pesticides. If the pesticide is used as per the instructions on labels and leaflets, they are unlikely to leave behind unwanted residues in the agri-produce.