Grant of wrong patents prevented by TDKL in 220 cases till date
The Ministry of AYUSH has established Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) in collaboration with Council for Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) for prevention of grant of patents on non-original inventions by International Patent Offices like European Patent office, United States Patent & Trademark office, Japan Patent office etc. on Indian Systems of Medicine such as Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha.
As per the information provided by the CSIR, the implementing agency of the TKDL project, total cost incurred on the project to protect ancient and traditional knowledge of Indian medical system is Rs. 20 Crores approximately.
As per the information received from CSIR, till date TKDL has been successful in preventing the grant of wrong patents in 220 cases.
As per the information provided by the CSIR, TKDL consists of 2.93 lakh medicinal formulations of Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha available in public domain, in five international languages namely English, Japanese, French, German and Spanish. To facilitate the protection of countryâ€™s traditional knowledge, access to TKDL has been provided to International Patent offices (IPOs) under International Agreement. In addition, pre-grant opposition on patent applications along with prior art evidences from TKDL are submitted on a regular basis.
Besides medicinal formulations from Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha; work to include Yoga techniques from ancient texts in the TKDL has already been initiated. Ministry of AYUSH through Sangeet Nata kAkademi (the nodal organization of Ministry of Culture) filed nomination of Yoga at UNESCO from India to include Yoga in the representative list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Indian Patent Office had also brought out Guidelines for Processing Patent Applications relating to Traditional Knowledge and Biological Material. These Guidelines were brought out to help Patent examiner to analyze what constitute novelty and inventive step in Traditional Knowledge (TK) related invention.
This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in reply to an unstarred question in Lok Sabha today.