Deforestation will divert monsoon to neighbouring nations from India: Study
This is going to be a serious issue in the long term. A latest study conducted by researchers associated with the Indian Institute of Science (IISC) has claimed that if deforestation is not stopped, monsoon will start giving tough times to India.
The study claims that the large scale deforestation may bring down monsoon rain by as much as twenty percent in the next few years.
This will be catastrophic for Indian economy, particularly for agriculture that is already rain deficient, in the long run. Besides, it will also affect weather throughout the country. Land mafia seems to be having a field day across the country. cutting of trees is becoming the norms. Jungles are fast disappearing and malls, factories are being built on their place. But many a times whole jungles are cut merely to sell off the land to housing companies or for special economic zone.
The report of the study that was made public yesterday is going to be a wakeup call. But it will be only when the government actually realizes the enormity of the challenge the whole nation is going to face.
Deforestation hasnâ€™t really attracted the sort of attention that was due. Scientists claim that while releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, deforestation also causes changes in how much light reflects off the earth’s surface and the amount of moisture in the atmosphere from plants transpiring.
It is needless to say that researchers are very excited. In a statement researchers said, â€œWe wanted to get a basic understanding of the effects of large-scale deforestation at different locations on monsoon rainfallâ€¦Our study is showing that remote deforestation in mid- and high-latitudes can have a much larger effect on tropical rainfall than local tropical deforestationâ€.
Deforestation is going to change the whole monsoon cycle across the huge nation. Scientists working with Indiaâ€™s top scientific research institute claim that the South Asian monsoon region would be affected the most, with an 18 percent decline in precipitation over India, the scientists wrote in the paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The authors said that evaluations of the climate benefits of planting trees on bare or cultivated land or in deforested areas must include remote impacts such as rainfall. The study noted that land used for crops and pastures has increased globally from 620 million hectares in the 1700s – or about 7 percent of the global land surface – to 4,690 million hectares in 2000, about a third of the world’s land surface.