Very recently, Venkataraman Ramakrishnan, have been awarded for showing what the ribosome looks like and how it functions at the atomic level. All three have used a method called X-ray crystallography to map the position for each and every one of the hundreds of thousands of atoms that make up the ribosome.
It is indeed a moment of pride for Indians to see Ramakrishnan sharing the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. The last time an Indian in India won a Nobel Prize was C V Raman in 1930. Since then no one in India has won a Nobel Prize in Science.
We have come a long way since 1930. Though leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru envisioned better research in India while creating premier institutes like IITs and IIMs, yet even after more than 60 years of independence, somewhere down the lane, they are yet to fulfill the mission they were built for. Of course they churn out some of the best entrepreneurs in the world. Check any successful Indian company, and chances are there will be an IITian among its top executives. Talk about experienced entrepreneurs and successful organizations, and several names from IITs and IIMs crop up.
These things require the kind of facilities which are only now becoming available to us in India. But I’m sure if spoken to Dr Ramakrishnan, he would praise the teachers he had here and it is with that basic knowledge he has been able to achieve what he has achieved.
The efficiency in space through Chandrayaan is referred as a great success and missile programmes and nuclear powered submarines are gearing up India’s strategic capability. But these are developments in technology and its application to a specific end. We are yet to see any great flourishing of basic research.
Of late, Very few institutions undertake serious research in India. The country’s universities are more successful business ventures and examination conducting machines that feed data but are incapable to trigger the thought processes and inquisitiveness to go beyond the classrooms and text books. Expanding the frontiers of knowledge is not a priority for Indian academia. Papers are published for the sake of personal or professional achievement. Very few of these papers are cited by other researchers around the world.
A yawning gap exists between teaching done in universities, and research houses in specialized research centres.
Moreover due to lack of proper encouragement and facilities and of course the pay factor, the brightest minds flee to other countries. Universities and research organizations do not interact. Faculty pay is at a steep discount to what comparable skills would fetch in industry, ensuring that very few of those who fill academic posts embody first rate talent.
What’s the need to complain about brain drain? Infact if he had been in India the possibility of his achievement is less. I hope no one can disagree with me.
Though we have many well equipped institutions such as IIT,IISC etc, the amount of time, money and energy spent on such research is less. This is because there nothing to profit from this type of research, hats what most of us think. We aim at learning for money or at least we finally end up in such a situation. Very few study in the prospect of gaining knowledge and continue to educate themselves. Only such kind of sustained passion leads to such recognition as Noble Prize as in case of all the Nobel Prize winners, a perfect example being Sir C.V.Raman. Think it over great achievements are done as a result of passion rather than good education.
The reason I believe is our Universities don’t get that kind of funds for research and we it seems are also lacking in equipment. To be able to do this kind of research we need cutting edge technology. We got the brains. all we need now is money and the equipment and then we can have people like Ramarishnan home the honour
More discouraging is the recent row on the salary hikes of the professors of IITs. The Nobel Prize for Ramakrishnan will surely spark the fire in the minds of many young researchers and students. But who will make sure they don’t flee to the lands of opportunities to fulfill their dream?